Getting your finances in order has always been a good idea, but it wasn’t until the debut of Cardi B that “makin’ money moves” became a thing. While she may have ended up being a one-hit wonder, making brilliant money moves during your 30s is something that positively impacts you for the rest of your life. Now’s the time to get your financial house in order to propel you to wealth and security during your 40’s and beyond.
Getting Out of Debt
If you’re still in debt, it’s time to get serious about cleaning up the mess. The good news is that you’re not alone, the average 30-something in America has about $40,000 worth of debt. A lot of that debt comes from student loans, which is a hot button issue for the 2020 presidential election. Credit card debt is also a serious issue in America and is one of the biggest obstacles in growing your wealth. The average interest rate on credit cards is 16.7% which means you’re paying way too much to rent money.
One effective way to get out of debt is to make a list of all your debts from smallest to largest and work the snowball method. That means paying off your smallest debt first and paying the minimum on all the rest. Once the first debt is paid off, you can now apply what you were paying on that debt to the next smallest until that one is eliminated, and so forth. Continue to do this until you’ve paid off all your credit cards, student loan, auto debts, etc. You don’t need to pay off your mortgage, but if you can, that’s always a plus. Another way to help manage and get out of debt is a consolidation loan from GCS Credit Union.
Cleaning Up Your Credit
Somewhere along the line, someone decided to create credit scores to determine how worthy you are to borrow more money. The problem is, one of the only ways to increase your credit is to borrow more money, which doesn’t help you get out of debt. The first thing you should do is to sign up for a free credit report and score and then enroll in a credit monitoring service. Assess the damages and report any incorrect information to the major credit bureaus. If you don’t have enough open accounts you can open a credit card through GCS Credit Union, even if you don’t plan on using it (be sure to pay off the balance each month if you do use it). Paying down your open credit card balances will also raise your credit score so the previous tip for getting out of debt can also help you here.
Building Your Emergency Fund
Once you’ve paid off your debts and cleaned up your credit, the next step is to build up your emergency fund. Hopefully, you already have something in there, but if not, it’s not too late. Some experts claim you should have three to six months’ worth of expenses saved, but others recommend up to a year’s worth. More than 60% of Americans don’t have enough to cover an unexpected $1,000 emergency, so you can see why this is so important. The fewer payments you have, the easier it is to squirrel away money. A savings or money market account from GCS Credit Union are great places to save money so you can access it in case of an emergency while accruing interest.
Planning for the Long Term
Your 30s is the time that you’re supposed to be all grown up, and that means planning for your future. Getting out of debt, having a good credit score, and building an emergency fund are all good steps to take. After that, it’s time to focus on your future which includes making retirement plans and investing your money wisely. If your company offers a 401(k) match, you should take advantage of that as much as you can. Owning a home can be a good investment in your future as can increasing your income by advancing your career. It may be a good time to adjust your insurance coverage including adding life insurance to take care of your family after you’re gone.
If you’re in your 30s it’s time to get serious and make money moves to get you where you want to be in the next decade and beyond. GCS Credit Union can help you get to where you want to go and get your finances in order. Visit your nearest location or give us a call today at (618) 797-7993, we would be happy to discuss all your options with you.
Are you interested in investing? Whether you’re saving for retirement, college for your kids, a vacation home, or something else entirely, investing is a great way to create wealth. The only problem is that investing can be frightening if you don’t know what you’re doing. How do you gather your courage and take the plunge? Investing doesn’t have to be scary if you understand the basics and follow a few simple guidelines.
Investing allows you to earn money passively because once you’ve set up your investment account you don’t really need to do anything to keep earning interest. What’s important for you to understand, however, is the different types of investment options that are available to you.
- Stocks, or equity investments, are what you probably think of first when you think of investing. These are shares of publicly traded companies, and their value increases when the companies do well. Shareholders benefit when the company is earning profits, but are vulnerable when the market takes a downswing. Mutual funds and ETFs are grouped under stocks, but they’re actually pre-built pools of investments which can include bonds and securities.
- Fixed-income investments, like bonds, have a prearranged, fixed interest rate. These investments pay at regular intervals or after a certain amount of time has elapsed. Government bonds, for instance, are loans you give the government, which it agrees to pay at maturity at a set interest rate. Because they’re not vulnerable to market shifts, bonds are typically considered
- Money market or cash equivalent investments can be converted to cash very quickly. This category includes short term investments like certificates of deposit (CDs) and short-term debt securities like U.S. Treasury bills. There’s not much growth with this kind of asset, but there’s also not much risk.
- Property, including real estate and other tangible assets, can grow in value over time. Some property, like cars, trucks, and SUVs, depreciates quickly, which means it loses value. Real estate, however, is fairly low-risk.
For our purposes, let’s primarily focus on the stock market. While it’s true that stocks are vulnerable to market fluctuation, it’s also true that no investment is risk-free. Overall, the stock market is generally the most rewarding and accessible place for average investors to grow their money. As long as you don’t panic at every shift in the market, and understand that investing is about playing the long game, you’re likely to make money in the stock market.
To get started, decide which type of investment account works for you. You might be investing for retirement, in which case a 401(k) or an IRA will allow you to make tax-deferred contributions while you build your retirement fund. Roth IRAs are a little bit different, in that they’re funded with money that’s already been taxed, so they’re tax-free when you retire. There are also investment accounts designed for a specific goal, like paying for health care costs or educational expenses. Then, too, you can open an individual investment account, which allows you to make withdrawals whenever you need to do so. Note: it’s smarter to keep your money in the account, without withdrawing any, for as long as possible.
If your employer offers a 401(k), that’s a good place to start investing. Then you can consider creating an auxiliary investment fund, perhaps by investing in an IRA or opening a brokerage account. You can hire a full-service brokerage if you want, and let their investment advisers manage your money for you. However, it’s also possible to open a DIY brokerage account, for which you’ll do your own research and make your own trades. There are also investment apps that let you invest right from your cell phone, even if you have very little cash to invest.
It’s important to diversify your investments, which makes mutual funds appealing. These funds invest in a set of assets make it easy to diversify your portfolio. They’re typically managed by a financial professional or firm and have traditionally required a rather substantial minimum investment. Today, however, there are some mutual fund companies that offer fairly low minimums for those just beginning to invest. Exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, are similar to mutual funds, but they’re not managed by a person. This makes them less expensive and easier to access directly, without an expensive minimum buy-in.
The specific type of investment you choose is subjective, but there are a couple of important things to remember. First, keep putting money into your account, because regular contributions can help grow your investment more quickly. Your 401(k) will be automatically deducted from your paycheck, but if you have a brokerage account, it’s smart to set up automatic withdrawals. The other thing to remember is that the money needs to stay put once it’s in your investment account. Keep an eye on your portfolio, so you can keep track of what it’s doing and make adjustments when you need to, but for the most part, leave the money alone and let it grow.
If you’re looking for a reliable place to keep your money, look no further than GCS Credit Union. Since 1941, GCS Credit Union has been serving customers in Illinois, providing loans, basic savings, and other banking services. Having started as a single location, we’ve spread throughout the area, and now support Sangamon, Logan, Macon, Marion, Jefferson, Perry, Jackson, Williamson, Jersey, Macoupin, Montgomery, Madison, Bond, Clinton, St. Clair, Monroe, Washington and Randolph counties. Dedicated to focusing on our members’ financial needs, we’re a not-for-profit, member-owned financial cooperative. If you’d like to know more about the benefits of a credit union, call (618) 797-7993, or contact us through our website.
Do you have a retirement fund? You’re sure to need one, but if you have the option of choosing a Roth IRA or a 401(k), which do you choose? It’s easy for people to advise you to do both, but unless you’re already fairly well off, that may be a daunting proposition. If you have to choose one or the other, how do you decide between the two?
- A Roth IRA is an individual retirement account. An individual can open the account and decide how investments are allocated. Roth IRAs differ from traditional IRAs and most 401(k)s in that they are funded with money that’s already been taxed. Therefore, once you reach the right time to withdraw it, the money is tax-free. Another benefit of Roth IRAs is that you can withdraw the contributions you’ve made at any time, though you will have to wait to access your earnings. Of course, it’s better to leave your retirement account alone, but it’s good to know that you have that money in case of a dire emergency.
- 401 (k)s are retirement accounts sponsored by an employer. This means that, unlike with Roth IRAs, you can’t open a 401 (k) on your own. They also differ from a Roth IRA in that a 401(k) is tax-deferred. This means you can invest pre-tax income and not pay any taxes on that money until after you retire and withdraw your funds. Perhaps the most appealing thing about a 401(k) is that many employers match either part or all of your contribution, which essentially means your employer is giving you free money for your retirement account.
Now that you have a basic understanding of each fund, are you any less confused about which one is right for you? Probably not, because it’s all still pretty confusing. Let’s break it down further, to see how they compare.
- Your eligibility is a major factor. To open a Roth IRA you need taxable income, but to open a 401(k), you need to work for an employer that offers this kind of account.
- Limits on how much you can contribute are different for Roth IRAs and 401(k)s. Both types of accounts have limits, but the limits are much higher for a 401(k).
- Taxes vary depending on which type of account you choose. Remember, if you keep your Roth IRA account for at least five years and don’t withdraw it until you’re at least 59 ½ years old, your money will be tax-free. With a 401(k), you can expect to pay taxes when you withdraw the money.
- Roth IRAs give you some flexibility with your investments. You can set up a Roth IRA through a brokerage firm or using software, at a physical location or online, and invest it however you wish. You can make your own decisions or consult with a financial advisor, or you can set up a robo-advisor to manage your investments for you. With a 401(k) there’s less flexibility. While you’ll be able to change how much you invest and your investment allocations at any time, your employer will limit your options as far as where the money is invested.
- Withdrawing money from a retirement account can be complicated. You’re supposed to leave your money alone when it’s in a retirement account, but typically, you’re allowed to withdraw from both types of account without penalty if you face a hardship like a permanent disability or extremely high medical bills. However, as mentioned previously, you can withdraw the money you’ve contributed to a Roth IRA, and you can even withdraw your earnings early in some circumstances without penalty. On the other hand, early withdrawals from a 401(k) typically come with income taxes and an additional ten percent penalty.
- Both 401(k) accounts and Roth IRAs have required minimum disbursements (RMDs). However, with a Roth IRA, you don’t necessarily have to take money out of your account. When you die, however, your beneficiaries will be subject to the RMD. With a 401(k), the IRA typically requires you to take disbursements at age 70 ½ unless you’re still working.
So the question remains, which type of retirement account is right for you? If your employer offers a 401(k) and matches funds, then that may be your best bet, because it involves free money. Once you’ve maxed out what your employer will match, if you have excess retirement funds, you might want to put them in a Roth IRA. It’s good to know you’ll have money that won’t be taxed when you’re living on a retiree’s fixed income. If you don’t have access to a 401(k), it’s obviously in your best interest to have a Roth IRA. The important thing is to make sure you start putting aside retirement money early and put aside as much as possible.
Since 1941, GCS Credit Union has been serving customers in Illinois, providing loans, basic savings, and other banking services. Having started as a single location, we’ve spread throughout the area, and now support Sangamon, Logan, Macon, Marion, Jefferson, Perry, Jackson, Williamson, Jersey, Macoupin, Montgomery, Madison, Bond, Clinton, St. Clair, Monroe, Washington and Randolph counties. Dedicated to focusing on our members’ financial needs, we’re a not-for-profit, member-owned financial cooperative. If you’d like to know more about the benefits of a credit union, call (618) 797-7993, or contact us through our website.